Occupations, Trades, etc

Butchers Police Rectors

All the censuses have a column listing occupations or other income sources, though there are many blanks against housewives, unmarried daughters and younger children. Marriage registers from mid-1837 give occupations for the groom and the two fathers. Directories have trades against the majority of entries (gentry excepted). The information given on this page is filtered from these sources.

Unusual entries

Glue Mfr
Relieving & Vaccination Officer & Registrar Of Births, Deaths & Marriages
Handicap: Blind -- Basket Maker
Sec To Building Societys Offices Of Society
Capt. 10Th R? Hussars
Handicap: Blind - Gardener
Seed Merchant, Birch Broom Mfr & Farmer
Corn Miller Improver
Handicap: Imbecile - Farm Servant
Shoemaker Closer
Cricket Bat Manufacturers
Housing Inspector To The Thedwastre Rural District Council
Special Pleader
Engineers, Manufacturers Of General Agricultural Implements; Horse Hoes A Speciality ; Wagon & Cart Builders, Ironmongers &C., (Blackbourn Ironworks, & Stowmarket)
Late Cap.8Th Kings Own, Farmer & Brick Manufr.
Steward In The Royal Naval College Portsmouth
Farmer & Manager Threshing Machinery
Marine Store Dealer
Superanuated Metropolitian Po Now Time Keeper At Woolpit
Farmeress & Cowkeeper
Quarter Master
Nothing to do besides collecting manure (Charles Woolsey 1851, No.7)

Non-employment entries

Housekeeper Out Door Pauper Living On Charity No Occupation Always Ill
Income Derived From Bank Interest Living On Income Out Door Pauper
Income Derived From Landed Estates Houses Dividends Etc Ect Living On Income Of Rent Property Pauper
Lady No Proffession Living On Own Means
Lady Of The Manor Living On Parish Allowance

Regular entries

Professional & Managerial Merchants & Dealers Manufacturers Servants
Accountant & Auditor Midwife Brick Merchant Agricultural Implement Manufacturer & Agent; Ironmonger &C Barmaid/Man
Assessor & Collector Of Taxes Nurse Cattle Dealer Brick & Tile Maker Butler
Bacon Factory Manager Physician Coal Merchant Coach Builder Charwoman
Broker Rate Collector Commercial Traveller. Farm & Portable Building Manufacturer Coachman
Collector Of Taxes Rector Corn Merchant Glass Manufacturer Cook
Curate Registrar Of Births And Deaths Corn Seed & Coal Mercht Iron Founder & Machine Maker Dairyman/Woman
Dentist Sanitary Inspector Cycle Agent Manure Manufacturer Domestic Servant
Farm Bailiff Station Master Dealer (General) Gardener
Farm Manager Surgeon Egg Merchants Horseman
Farm Steward Flour Dealer Housekeeper
Inspector Of Police Horse Dealer Housemaid
Insurance Agent Implement Agent Lady'S Maid
Land Surveyor, Surveyor, Highway Surveyor Manufacturers' Agent Mothers Help
Manure Merchant Ostler
Seed Merchant
Timber Merchant
Tradespeople, Skilled Workers
Baker Cordwainer Machine Owner Printer Turner
Basket Maker Cutler & Grinder Maltster Railway Clerk Undertaker
Beer Retailer Draper Market Gardener Railway Navvy Victualler
Blacksmith Dressmaker, Needlewoman Mason Railway Platelayer Washerwoman
Boarding House Keeper Engine Driver Mechanic Railway Porter Waterman
Boot & Shoe Maker Engineer Miller Railway Signalman Weaver
Boot Repairer Fancy Goods Dealer Milliner Rat Catcher Wheelwright
Bricklayer Farmer Motor Cycle & Cycle Dealer Saddler (Or Collar) & Harness Maker &C. Wood Hurdle Maker
Broom Maker Farmer & Horse Slaughterer. Motor Engineer Sawyer Woodcutter/Woodman
Builder & Contractor Farrier Nursery & Seedsman Sexton Yardman
Butcher Fishmonger Painter & Decorator Shepherd
Cabnettmaker Fruiterer Parish Clerk & Sexton Shoemaker
Carpenter & Joiner Gamekeeper Photographer Shopkeeper
Carrier/Carter/Haulage Contractor Garage Ploughman Sign& Glass Writer
Cattle Drover Gardener/Nurseryman Plumber & Glazier Tailor
Chimney Sweep Grocer Police Constable Thatcher
Clerk Horse Slaughterer Pork Butcher Tile Maker
Clock & Watch Maker Innkeeper/Publican Postmaster/Mistress, Postman Tinker
Confectioner Laundress Poultry Farmer Traction Engine Driver


Thomas StevensAccording to his 1906 gravestone, Thomas died aged 95, but the various censuses put his birth year in the range 1814-1821, rather than 1811. He appears in the tithe apportionment as occupier of a cottage (in the Hawk End area, I think), and in censuses from 1841 to 1901. In '71 he was only rated a labourer at Eastwood Farm, but otherwise he was a butcher on Ashfield Road.
Charles RobinsonBorn about 1806, was documented as a butcher from '41 to '65 but otherwise as a farmer with quite a large acreage; he died in 1887. His son George is a butcher in '71 and James is a pork butcher in '81.
Ireland GrahamBorn in about 1806, was a farmer of some substance, occupying Elmswell Hall at least bewteen 1851 and 1871; often listed as a butcher, but did he himself doing any cutting?
Leonard BakerLand surveyor and Parish Clerk in 1861, he is in the directory as a Pork Butcher in 1865 - maybe a sort of retirement job, since he was by then about 65! 'Jobbing butcher' in '71.
Thomas EllistonBorn in 1828, this versatile chap was a brickmaker's journeyman in '51, brickmaker in '53, labourer in '55 and '59, thatcher and hay-binder in '61, '81, and '01, and a pork butcher from '65 to '91. His sons William (b.1850), Henry (b.1853) and Herbert (b.1864) all had a go at it. And we know there was a Mr Elliston who had a butchers shop of sorts at the corner of Hawk End Lane in the 1930s.
Reginald BashamKelly's 1933
C. Clarke & SonKelly's 1933; at Mill House
Thomas Edwards1901 census; Horse dealer and butcher (!) in Hawk End Lane
Arthur MillerKelly's 1908; Elm House
Mrs Mabel Beatrice PrattKelly's 1933
John Pawsey1891 census; Lion Inn
William Spencer1841 census
Thomas Shepherd1851 census; journeyman butcher

A couple of 'Butcher' items from the Newsletter....

Bob Durrant

I took over my butcher's business some 40-odd years ago. At this time good beef cattle were selling at around xxx per live hundredweight. An eight hundredweight beast, nearly half a ton, was worth about 60. Today that sort of animal fetches 500.

We started off with just one van which I purchased with the business. After a few years we had increased to 3 vans. The wage then for a butcher-cum-roundsman was about 8 per week. My next venture was to take a shop in Newmarket, followed by one in Hepworth and finally one in Earls Come in Essex.

After a time the Meat and Livestock Commission reared its head. I had to pay them a levy on every animal I slaughtered, and in return they told me the best way to cut and sell the carcase - information that I did not require! Next came the E.E.C., and we were expected to come up to their so-called 'standards'. In my opinion the standard and quality of workmanship in the butchery trade today falls far short of those we had pre-war, and, although the abbattoirs - in our language the slaughterhouses - were not as clean in those days as they are today, the meat that came out of them was. Unfortunately the growing populations in our villages are tending to go to the supermarket where they buy their meat regardless of the quality.

Good luck, I say, to the independent butchers still left!

Ernie Goodfellow

Ernie recently ceased trading as a slaughterman and retail family butcher from his shop on Ashfield Road next door to the Mace shop. He was renowned as a butcher, and especially for his sausages. [See Ernie's page] The shop became a butchers in the 1930's when Bill Dark moved from one of the Crown Mill Cottages from where he had established a thriving butchery business [Bill's granddaughter, Vera Hammond still lives in Elmswell]. Prior to this the shop had served as the village Post Office, with a coal yard in the garden. To this day the garden will yield coal not far below the surface! Bill Last bought the business prior to Ernie Goodfellow, but died of a heart attack in the slaughterhouse.

The village is lucky to still have an independent butcher, John Simpson in Pightle Close.