Public Houses in Elmswell

The following data are extracted from the censuses and directories, etc., on this site, showing the named publican and any other description of his/her business, the name or location as given, and the source. I have included here Des Herring’s entries post-1800 – his complete tables being shown below.

Crown Mill previously 'Carriers Arms')
1871Robert AdamsPublicanCarriers Arms, Station Roadcensus
1881Robert AdamsPublican & CarrierStation Road Crown Inncensus
1901Richard HarrisPublican & Hay Dealer (i)Streetcensus
1908Harris, RichardBeer retailerdirectories
The Fox
1851William WrightBeer house keeper {Not specific - might have been another inn; he was a coal porter in 1861!}census
1855Corner, EdwardBeer seller, coal agentdirectories
1861Jemima CornerVictuallerFox Inncensus
1864Corner, Jemima(lets a horse & fly)Fox Inndirectories
1865Corner, EdwardBeer retailer, & licensed to let horsesdirectories
1865Corner, JemimaBeer retailerdirectories
1871Jemima CornerInn keeper-120census
1874Corner, Mrs JemimaFoxWhites
1881Jemima CornerPublicanStation Road Fox Inncensus
1884Corner, Mrs JemimaFoxWhites
1891Robert LewisInn KeeperFox Inncensus
1891Jemima CornerRetired Publican21 Hawk Endcensus
1901Horace LastLicensed Victualler - Pub (i)Fox Hotelcensus
1908Last, HoraceFox family & com. hoteldirectories
1911Frederick BishopPublicancensus
1925Keen, CharlesFox Hoteldirectories
1933Keen, CharlesProprietorFox Hoteldirectories
1935Mr BlakerKept the inn from 1935-1950 (info. from his son)Fox Hotelmiscellaneous
1951Fox HotelPOdir
Lion, Red Lion, The Swan Inn until about 1770
1814Red LionEnclosure Map Q\R1
1814Seaton, SamRed LionO\S Acc
1816Seaton, SamRed LionO\S Acc
1817Seadon, Miss marrRed LionIJ
1831Bridges, DennisRed LionSuf Chr
1834Smith, MrRed Lion0\S Acc
1841William SmithInnkeeperLion Inncensus
1844Smith, WilliamVictuallerRed Liondirectories
1844Smith, WilliamRedlionWhites
1846Smith, WilliamRed Liondirectories
1851W SmithInn Keepercensus
1855Smith, WilliamVictuallerRed Lion (postg.)directories
1856Robinson, ERed LionPO Dir
1861Thomas G BennettVictuallerRed Lion Inncensus
1864Bennett, TRed LionPO Dir
1865Bennett, Thomas GreenRed Liondirectories
1871Elizabeth MulleyPublicanRed Lion Inncensus
1874Smith, SamRed LionWhites
1881Robert H. BloomInnkeeperStation Road Lion Inncensus
1884Bloom, RbRed LionWhites
1891Henry NunnInnkeeperLion Inncensus
1901Robert Snare?Publican (i)Street Lion Inncensus
1908Hawes, Walter WakelinLion P.Hdirectories
1911Kate HawesLicensed victuallerLion Inncensus
1916Russell, FrederickLion P.Hdirectories
1920Balls, MrLion P.Hfootball club
1925Balls, William GeorgeLion P.Hdirectories
The Oak (probably)
1881William ManningWheelwright & Publican Emp 3 Men 1 BoyButtenhaugh Rd Beerhousecensus
1901Frederick ManningPublican (i)Buttenhaugh Greencensus
1908Manning, FrederickBeer retailer & seedsmandirectories
1911Frederick ManningPublican (i)The Oak - Public Housecensus
Railway Tavern
1844Baker, George RandallBeer sellerdirectories
1851George R BakerInnkeeper & Beermaker employing 1 mancensus
1856Baker, George RandallRailway TavernPO Dir
1861George Randall BakerVictuallerRailway Taverncensus
1864Baker, George RandallSeed merchant, birch broom mfr & farmerRailway Taverndirectories
1864Baker, G RRailwayPO Dir
1865Baker, George RandallSeed merchant, birch broom makerRailway Taverndirectories
1871Elenor BakerInn keeperRailway Tavern Inncensus
1874Baker, Miss ERailway HotelWhites
1881Eleanor BAKERFarmer & InnkeeperChurch Rd Railway Taverncensus
1891Henry E GunnVictualler & BakerWoolpit Road, Railway Taverncensus
1901John Henry LaverLicensed Victualler (i)Railway Taverncensus
1908Laver, John HenryRailway tavrn.&bkrdirectories
1911Frank ClarkeHotel ManagerTavern P.H.census
1922Russell, Frederick"In 1922 I was 8 years old and my parents took over the Railway Tavern..."Railway tavernoral, George Russell
1925Russell, FrederickRailway taverndirectories
1933Russell, FrederickRailway taverndirectories

Pubs in Elmswell

The following data was kindly provided by Desmond Herring, of Needham Market, who gave us a talk on 10th January 2002 entitled “Suffolk Pubs before 1844”. (Reproduced with his permission)

1850 – 1900

DatePub nameSourceOther details
1884FOXWHITES* Corner Mrs Jemima
1874FOXWHITES* Corner Mrs Jemima
1864RAILWAYPO Dir* Baker G R
1856RAILWAY TAVERNPO Dir* Baker George Randall
1864RED LIONPO Dir* Bennett T
1856RED LIONPO Dir* Robinson E

Before 1850

DatePub nameSourceOther details
1674BUCKS HEADTAX4hearths location ?? BUCKS HEAD* Fiske Ro
1662BUCKS HEADTAX6hearths loc 4 ?? BUCKS HEAD* Feiske Th
1564BUCKS HORNSHD1538\25Tax Blackbourn H; £10.10s Harte Rbt
1642HISTORY.* Webb Gabrial; Royalist during the Civil War
1600HISTORY.& 1760 * Roman Catholic Recusant
1844REDLIONWHITES* Smith Wm oc* Smyth Sir GH ow
1834RED LION0\S ACCBill for wine 18s10d ?RED LION* Smith Mr
1831RED LIONSUF CHRFurniture sale &, 1832*:Bridges Dennis
1817RED LIONIJCalled LION* Seadon Miss marr
1816RED LIONO\S ACCRingers Beer £l.6s7d ?RL* Seaton Sam
1814RED LIONENCLOSURE MAP Q\R1location (see Oak 1904) LION
1814RED LIONO\S ACCBeer allowance: Workman £1.6s7d Seaton Sam
1792RED LIONIJEstate sale
1790RED LIONPOOR RATEAss £6; ??RED LION* Seaton Sam
1786RED LIONIJhouse sale & 1791 called LION
1783RED LIONIJsale catalogues; furniture sale; called LION
1774RED LIONIJEstate sale
1771RED LIONIJ* Gower Jh inhld* Marsh Wm ow Lord of Manor .. was SWAN . . . . .
1774SWANIJcalled OLD SWAN became the RED LION
1763SWANO\S ACCPd 8s4d which included lqt beer ** SWAN* Betts Th
1722SWANSUF MERHorse race* Brown Frances
1686SWAN ??WAR OFFICE LIST2beds 4stables
1674SWAN ??TAX5 hearths* Heyrard Wd
1662SWAN ??TAX5 hearths* Hayward Susan
1661SWAN ??B105\2\5SESS To sell beer out side Gannik* Hayward Sus
1619SWAN ??LENT RECOGNIZANCE inkp or but* Buckle Jh {1607}
1350CHURCH.Bells 1533 1582 1616 1670 1677; Or El3N * John St

Desmond Herring writes:

As a local history project I have compiled a data bank of references to public houses, inns and innkeepers in Suffolk . In the 1844 Whites Directory is a comprehensive survey of the named pubs in Suffolk and my researches are concentrated before this date. In addition I have used data only from the directories from 1850 till 1900. The data base before 1844 has been collected from many sources. The list has been edited to avoid too much repetition; however it still runs to 300,000 lines.

There are less than 20 names that represent the majarity of traditional pub sign names. Why so few compared with the many thousands of personal names? As with personal names there are fashions in sign names, and these fashions may well represent significant social-historical events.

Ale is the drink of the peasant, and the sign-name might reflect on village social history not found in other documents. It may well be possible to use a sign name to date a pub site or even the pub building.